Period (.): A period is a punctuation mark that is used to end a declarative sentence, indicating that it is a statement rather than a question or exclamation.

Question mark (?): A question mark is used to indicate the end of a direct question. It is placed at the end of the sentence and helps to convey a sense of inquiry or uncertainty.  

Exclamation point (!): An exclamation point is used to indicate strong feelings or emphasis. 

Comma (,): A comma is used to separate items in a list, to separate clauses in a sentence, and to indicate a pause in a sentence.  

Semicolon (;): A semicolon is used to separate clauses in a sentence that are closely related, but could also stand alone as separate sentences.  

Colon (:): A colon is used to introduce a list or a quote, or to separate hours and minutes in time. For example: 

Dash (-): A dash is used to indicate a break in thought or to set off an explanatory clause or phrase. There are two types of dashes: an en dash (–) and an em dash (—).  

arentheses (): Parentheses are used to set off additional or supplementary information that is not essential to the main clause.  

Brackets ([]): Brackets are similar to parentheses and are used to set off additional or supplementary information that is not essential to the main clause.  

Quotation marks (''): Quotation marks are used to enclose a direct quote or a title of a work.  

Apostrophe (’): An apostrophe is used to indicate possession or to indicate the omission of letters or numbers.  

1. Ellipsis (...): An ellipsis is a series of three dots that is used to indicate a pause, hesitation, or trailing