Present Tense: 4 Types of the Present Tense in English

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Hello, I Am Shubham Jindal And I Am An IELTS Tutor. Here I Will Teach You Simple Present Tense With Examples. Take Your Copy & Pen To Note Down All The Important Factors In The Present Tense

Simple Present Tense: Present Indefinite Tense

Simple Present Tense Formula

Subject + V1 + S/Es + Object

  • Subject Is A Person Who Is Talking About  You And Me Or Any Name. 
  • V1 Is The First Form Of Verb. There Are 3 Basic Forms Of Verbs. 
  • Object Is A Thing. 

Rule (1) Of Simple Present Tense

Definition Of Simple Present Tense:- Simple Present Tense Is Used To Express Habitual, Regular, Or Repeated Actions. Present Tense Plays An Extremely Important Role In IELTS.

For Example:

  • Suresh Goes To Bed At 9 P.M. Every Day.
  • She Always Comes To Meet Me Here On Monday.
  • She Drinks Tea Without Sugar.
  • He Works 9 Hours A Day.
  • He Lives In Mumbai.
  • Shruti And Hansika Are Girls.
  • We Get Up At 5 A.M. Every Morning.

Some Time Expressing Adverbs Are: Always, Often, Generally, Daily, Usually, Every Day, Once A Week, Twice A Day, Etc. These Words Are Used To Express Habitual Or Repeated Actions. In Other Words, We Can Say Where Adverbs Are Used, Simple Present Tense Is Used. For Example: 

  1. She Always Comes Here In The Morning.
  2. She Often Comes Here In The Morning.
  3. She Usually Comes Here In The Morning.
  4. She Generally Comes Here In The Morning.

Rule 2 Of Simple Present Tense

This Tense Is Used To Express The Universal Truth Principle And Permanent Activities. 

For Example:-

  • God Is Always With Us.
  • The Ganga Springs From The Himalayas.
  • Five And Five Make Ten.

Rule (3) Of Present Indefinite Tense 

This Tense Is Used To Express Possessions. 

For Examples:- 

  • This Notebook Belongs To Me.
  • He Owns A Business.
  • I Have A Bike.

Rule (4) Of Present Indefinite Tense 

This Tense Is Used To Express Feelings, Emotions, And Mental Activities.

  • We All Believe In God. 
  • He Doesn’t Understand My Problems.
  • He Trusts Her.
  • I Think She Is A Good Singer.

Some Words Like Notice, Recognize, Hear, Seem, Appear, Look, Desire, Prefer, Suppose, Know, Understand, Imagine, Mind, Are Used To Express Mental Activities. All Those Words Are Used In The Simple Present Tense Rather Than The Present Continuous Tense. If Some Verbs Are Used In The Present Continuous Tense, It Means There Has A Meaning.

Rule (5) Of Simple Present Tense 

Simple Present Tense Is Used To Express The Upcoming Fixed Program And Fixed Plans. This Represents The Future Time.

For Examples:-

  • The Schools Reopen In April.
  • She Goes To Mumbai Next Week.
  • The President Came Here Yesterday.
  • My Sister Returns Today.

In Those Sentences, Future Time Expressing Adverbs Are Used. For Example Tomorrow, Next Day, Next Year, In January, Etc.

Rule (6) Simple Present Tense

Two Types Of Clauses Are Used In The Conditional Sentences, One Is The Principal Clause And The Other One Is The Subordinate Clause.

Rule (7) Of Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Is Used In Exclamatory Sentences Which Start With Here And There. For Example:

  • Here Comes The Train.
  • There Goes The Train.

Rule (8) Of Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Is Used For Something That Happened In Front Of Us By Radio Or Television. For Example: 

Shrinika Runs After The Ball, Catches It, And Throws It On The Stumps Near The Tree. 

In This Movie, My Elder Sister Plays The Role Of Seeta.

Rule (9) Of Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Is Used To Express The Statement Of The Author. For Example: 

  • Shakespeare Says, “ The Course Of True Love Never Runs Smooth.”
  • Keats Says, “A Thing Of Beauty Is A Joy Forever.”

Rule (10) Of Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Is Used To Alive The Past Events Of History. For Example: 

Babar’s Army Crosses The Planes & Trains, Ibrahim Opposes Him With A Large Army Into The Battel.

At Last, Ram Kills Ravan.

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Present Continuous Tense

Subject + Is/Am/Are + V1 + Object

Rule (1) Of Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense Is Used For Those Actions Which Continuous The Time.

For Example: 

  • Subhash Is Coming Now.
  • We Are Playing.
  • The Boys Are Playing Cricket.
  • He Is Writing His Name On The Notebook.

Some Words Like Now, At Present, At The Moment, This Morning, Etc. Are Used In The Present Continuous Tense. 

For Example:

  • Tripathi Is Teaching Science At Present.
  • He Is Reading A Book Now.
  • We Are Washing The Clothes This Morning.

Rule (2) Of Present Continuous Tense

This Tense Is Used For Temporary Actions Which Are Not Happening At The Time Of Speaking But Happening In Real-Time

For Example: 

  • We Are Living In Our Own House.
  • He Is Studying Mathematics These Days.

In The Above Sentences, Verb Editing Is Not Happening At The Time Of Speaking, But Is Happening Around The Appropriate Time Or Nowadays.

Rule (3) Of Present Continuous Tense

This Tense Is Used For A Fixed Program Or Fixed Plan Happening In The Near Future.

 For Example:

  • She Is Going To Goa Tonight.
  • He Is Going To College Tomorrow.
  • My Sister Is Coming Today.
  • Our Parents Are Going To Delhi Tonight.

Future Time Is Represented In These Types Of Sentences And Adverbs Of Time- Tonight, Tomorrow, Today, Next Day, Next Month, This Morning, Etc. These Words Are Used In These Types Of Sentences.

Rule (4) Of Present Continuous Tense

These Sentences Are Used To Represent The Intention Or Likelihood. 

For Example:

  • We Are Going To See Our Friends.
  • She Is Going To The Temple.

Rule (5) Of Present Continuous Tense

Some Verbs Are Used In Present Continuous Tense Like The Look, Hope, Doubt, Admit, Refuse, Accept, Deny, Prefer, Seem, Love, Wish, Desire, Intend, Please, Displease, Suppose, Want, Etc.

For Example:

  • He Knows Her Very Well
  • He Understands It.
  • He Owns A Scooter.

These Words Are Used In The Simple Present Tense And Some Are Used In The Present Continuous Tense.

Rule (6) Of Present Continuous Tense

This Tense Is Used To Represent Continued Increase Or Decrease. 

For Example:

  • His Health Is Gradually Improving.
  • The Number Of People Is Decreasing.

Present Perfect Tense

Subject + Has/Have + V3 + Object

Rule (1) Of Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense Is Used For Those Actions Which Ended Immediately.

For Example:

  • He Has Written A Letter.
  • We Have Just Bought A Book.
  • She Has Gone To The Mumbai Market.

Rule (2) Of Present Perfect Tense

This Tense Is Used For Those Past Actions Which Happened In The Present Time. 

For Example: 

  • She Has Cut His Nails.
  • He Has Finished The Homework.
  • My Son Has Eaten All The Mango.

Rule (3) Of Present Perfect Tense

This Tense Is Used For Those Past Actions Which Started In The Past And Continued In The Present Time. Since/For Are Words Are Used For Those Actions According To Their Need.

For Example:

  • I Have Lived In This House Since 1995.
  • She Has Taught In This College For 10 Years.
  • He Has Been Ill Since Monday.

Rule (4) Of Present Perfect Tense

This Sentence Is Used For Those Past Actions Which Ended In The Past But Their Time Is Fixed. 

For Example:

  • He Has Gone To Delhi.
  • Have You Read The Novel?

Rule (5) Of Present Perfect Tense

Past Time Expressing Words Are Used With Present Perfect Tense. Like: Yesterday, Last Month, Last Year, Etc. 

For Example:

  • I Saw Her Last Month.
  • She Arrived Last Year.
  • He Came The Other Day.

Rule (6) Of Present Perfect Tense

Some Adverbs Are Used With The Present Perfect Tense. Ever, Always, Often, Already, Lately, Yet, Just, Now, Never, Etc.

For Example: 

  • He Has Not Gone Yet.
  • He Has Worked Here For 5 Hours.
  • The Bus Has Already Left.

Since/For Words Are Used In The Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense. 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Has Been / Have Been + V1 + Object.

Rule (1) Of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

This Tense Is Used For Those Actions Which Started In The Past But Continued In The Present Time. 

For Example: 

  • He Has Been Reading A Book Since Morning.
  • We Have Been Playing Cricket Since Evening.
  • Seeta Has Been Dancing For One Hour.

Rule (2) Of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

This Tense Is Used For Those Actions Which Started In The Past And Continued For Some Time, But Ends In The Present. 

For Example: 

  • He Has Been Waiting.
  • I Have Been Watering The Garden.
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