IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Rich Poor Essay

In recent years, the global economy has witnessed a tremendous boost, leading to improved living standards and increased wealth among people. However, studies reveal that individuals in developing countries are happier than those in developed nations. In this essay, I will discuss the reasons behind this phenomenon and the lessons that can be learned from it.

To begin with, the people in developing nations are often more satisfied with their lives than those in developed countries. This can be attributed to several factors, including close-knit communities, stronger family ties, and cultural values that prioritize relationships and social interactions. In contrast, people in developed countries tend to be more individualistic and materialistic, which can result in social isolation and a lack of meaningful relationships.

Furthermore, the pursuit of wealth and economic growth in developed countries often comes at the cost of social and environmental well-being. As a result, individuals in these nations may feel less satisfied with their lives despite having access to higher incomes and better living conditions. On the other hand, developing countries may place greater emphasis on community and environmental sustainability, leading to a greater sense of purpose and fulfillment.

The lessons that can be learned from this phenomenon are many. Firstly, it is essential to recognize the importance of social and cultural factors in determining happiness levels. Governments and individuals in developed countries should prioritize building stronger social networks and promoting cultural values that prioritize social connections and relationships.

Secondly, economic growth should not come at the expense of social and environmental well-being. Governments and businesses must prioritize sustainable development and address social and environmental issues to ensure long-term happiness and well-being.

In conclusion, while economic development has led to increased wealth and living standards, it is important to recognize that happiness is not solely dependent on material wealth. Developing countries offer a valuable lesson in the importance of social and cultural factors in determining happiness levels, and the need for sustainable development that prioritizes social and environmental well-being.

Vocabulary words:

  1. Boost – to increase or improve
  2. Satisfied – pleased and contented
  3. Close-knit – united and supportive of each other
  4. Prioritize – to give priority or preference to
  5. Isolation – the state of being alone or apart from others
  6. Individualistic – characterized by the pursuit of personal interests and independence
  7. Materialistic – preoccupied with material possessions and wealth
  8. Fulfillment – a sense of satisfaction and happiness
  9. Sustainable – able to be maintained or continued without harming the environment or resources
  10. Well-being – the state of being comfortable, healthy, and happy


  1. To begin with – used to introduce the first of a series of arguments or points
  2. In contrast – used to show a difference or a point of comparison
  3. Furthermore – used to introduce an additional point or argument
  4. On the other hand – used to introduce an alternative point or argument
  5. Firstly – used to introduce the first of a series of arguments or points
  6. Secondly – used to introduce the second of a series of arguments or points
  7. In conclusion – used to summarize the main points or arguments made in an essay.


Vocabulary words are words that carry a specific meaning and are used to express an idea or concept. In this essay, vocabulary words such as boost, satisfied, close-knit, prioritize, isolation, individualistic, materialistic, fulfillment, sustainable, and well-being are used to convey the writer’s thoughts and opinions.

Linkers are words that are used to connect ideas and to show the relationship between them. In this essay, the linkers used are to begin with, in contrast, furthermore, on the other hand, firstly, secondly, and in conclusion. These linkers help the reader to understand the writer’s argument and follow the flow of the essay.

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