IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Money and taxes

Introduction: It is a widely debated issue whether individuals should be allowed to retain their entire income without contributing any portion to the government in the form of taxes. While some argue that taxes are a form of legalized theft and therefore should not be imposed on individuals, I strongly believe that paying taxes is an essential civic duty.

Body Paragraph 1: One of the primary arguments made by those who oppose taxes is that it is unfair for individuals to be forced to part with their hard-earned money. They contend that the government has no right to take a portion of an individual’s income without their consent. While this argument holds some merit, it fails to recognize that taxes are necessary to fund essential public services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

Vocabulary:

  • Widely debated: a topic that is discussed and argued by a large number of people.
  • Retain: to keep or hold onto something.
  • Contributing: giving or donating something.
  • Imposed: forced upon.
  • Civic duty: an obligation that citizens have to their community and country.

Linkers:

  • It is a widely debated issue whether individuals should be allowed to retain their entire income without contributing any portion to the government in the form of taxes.
  • While some argue that taxes are a form of legalized theft and therefore should not be imposed on individuals, I strongly believe that paying taxes is an essential civic duty.

Body Paragraph 2: Furthermore, it is essential to note that taxes are the backbone of any developed society. They enable the government to provide its citizens with a range of public services that would otherwise be unaffordable. For instance, taxes fund the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, and other essential infrastructure. They also finance social security programs that protect vulnerable members of society, such as the elderly, the sick, and the unemployed.

Vocabulary:

  • Backbone: the fundamental support or foundation.
  • Developed society: a country with a high level of economic development and advanced infrastructure.
  • Unaffordable: too expensive to be purchased or funded.
  • Infrastructure: the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society.
  • Social security programs: government-run programs that provide financial assistance to people in need.

Linkers:

  • Furthermore, it is essential to note that taxes are the backbone of any developed society.
  • For instance, taxes fund the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, and other essential infrastructure.
  • They also finance social security programs that protect vulnerable members of society, such as the elderly, the sick, and the unemployed.

Body Paragraph 3: Moreover, taxes are necessary to promote social equity and reduce inequality. When individuals pay taxes, the government can redistribute wealth by funding programs that benefit the less fortunate. This not only helps to reduce poverty but also promotes social cohesion and harmony. Furthermore, taxes help to ensure that those who can afford to contribute more to society do so, thereby promoting a fairer and more just society.

Vocabulary:

  • Promote: to encourage or support the growth or development of something.
  • Social equity: the fair distribution of resources and opportunities in a society.
  • Inequality: the unequal distribution of resources and opportunities in a society.
  • Redistribute: to distribute resources or wealth more evenly among a population.
  • Less fortunate: individuals who are in a less favorable or privileged position.
  • Cohesion: the action of forming a united whole.
  • Just: fair and equitable.

Linkers:

  • Moreover, taxes are necessary to promote social equity and reduce inequality.
  • When individuals pay taxes, the government can redistribute wealth by funding programs that benefit the less fortunate.
  • Furthermore, taxes help to ensure that those who can afford to contribute more to society do so, thereby promoting a fairer and more just society.

Conclusion: In conclusion, while it may be tempting to believe that individuals should be able to keep all the money they have earned without paying taxes, this view fails to recognize the important role that taxes play in supporting a functioning society. Taxes fund essential public services, promote social equity, and reduce inequality. Therefore, I strongly believe that paying taxes is not only a civic duty but also a necessary component of a fair and just society.

Vocabulary:

  • Tempting: attractive or alluring.
  • Functioning society: a society that is working effectively and efficiently.
  • Necessary component: an essential part of something.

Linkers:

  • In conclusion, while it may be tempting to believe that individuals should be able to keep all the money they have earned without paying taxes, this view fails to recognize the important role that taxes play in supporting a functioning society.
  • Therefore, I strongly believe that paying taxes is not only a civic duty but also a necessary component of a fair and just society.

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