IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: International tourism

In recent years, international tourism has become increasingly popular, and while it has many benefits, some countries believe that it has harmful effects. This essay will explore the reasons why most countries believe that international tourism has negative effects and suggest ways to change their views.

One of the primary reasons why many countries believe that international tourism is harmful is the negative impact on the environment. The increase in air travel and transportation of tourists leads to higher carbon emissions, causing global warming, and ecological imbalance. The overuse of natural resources for tourism and the negative impact on the wildlife ecosystem is also a major concern.

Another reason is that international tourism leads to cultural erosion. As tourists flock to different countries, the original customs, traditions, and heritage of the local people get diluted, and their cultural identity is at stake. For instance, when tourists demand western food in Asia, it causes traditional food joints to shut down, and local cuisine disappears.

Finally, international tourism also contributes to the overcommercialization of tourist destinations. The influx of tourists has led to the development of many hotels, restaurants, and other businesses, leading to the overdevelopment and destruction of natural habitats and resources.

To change the negative views on international tourism, countries need to take measures to promote sustainable tourism. Governments should focus on promoting responsible tourism practices that prioritize conservation and the environment. The tourism industry should be regulated, and new policies and guidelines should be introduced to protect the environment and the local culture.

In conclusion, while international tourism has several benefits, many countries view it as harmful because of its negative impact on the environment, culture, and commercialization of tourist destinations. Promoting sustainable tourism practices, regulating the tourism industry, and introducing policies to protect the environment and local culture will go a long way in changing the negative perceptions of international tourism.

Vocabulary Words:

  1. Harmful – causing or likely to cause harm; detrimental.
  2. Ecological imbalance – a condition where the natural balance or harmony of an ecosystem is disturbed.
  3. Overuse – excessive use of something.
  4. Cultural erosion – the gradual decline or destruction of a culture’s customs, traditions, and heritage.
  5. Diluted – weakened in strength, quality, or purity.
  6. Overcommercialization – excessive commercial development or exploitation.
  7. Influx – an arrival or entry of a large number of people or things.
  8. Conservation – the preservation and protection of natural resources.


  1. In recent years – used to introduce a topic that has become increasingly relevant or prevalent in recent times.
  2. While – used to introduce a contrasting idea.
  3. One of the primary reasons – used to indicate that the following statement is one of the main reasons for something.
  4. Another reason – used to indicate that there is another reason for something, in addition to the one previously stated.
  5. Finally – used to indicate the last point in a series of points or arguments.
  6. To change – used to indicate a solution or course of action to address a problem.
  7. Should – used to express obligation or duty.
  8. For instance – used to give an example.

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