IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Government and environment

In recent years, environmental pollution and housing problems have become a matter of concern for many people. Some argue that governments should prioritize reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to help people prevent illness and disease. This essay will examine the extent to which I agree or disagree with this argument.

On the one hand, it is true that environmental pollution and housing problems can have a significant impact on people’s health. For example, air pollution can cause respiratory problems, while living in substandard housing can lead to the spread of infectious diseases. By focusing on reducing these issues, governments can help to prevent illness and disease among their citizens.

Furthermore, addressing environmental pollution and housing problems can have broader benefits beyond just health. For instance, reducing pollution can help to mitigate the effects of climate change and protect ecosystems, while improving housing can lead to more stable and prosperous communities. By prioritizing these issues, governments can create a more sustainable and equitable society for everyone.

On the other hand, it is worth noting that governments have many competing priorities and limited resources. In some cases, other issues may take precedence over environmental pollution and housing problems, such as national security or economic growth. Moreover, some environmental and housing problems may be difficult to address, such as those caused by industrialization or rapid urbanization.

In conclusion, while I believe that reducing environmental pollution and housing problems can have significant benefits for public health and the environment, I also recognize that governments face many challenges in addressing these issues. Therefore, while it is important for governments to prioritize these issues where possible, it is also important to recognize the complexity of the challenges they face.

Vocabulary words:

  1. Prioritize – to arrange or do things in order of importance
  2. Mitigate – to make something less harmful, serious or painful
  3. Ecosystems – a community of living and non-living things that interact with each other in a particular environment
  4. Substandard – below the expected standard or quality
  5. Infectious – able to be spread from one person or organism to another by direct or indirect contact
  6. Equitable – fair and impartial
  7. Prosperous – successful and wealthy
  8. Industrialization – the process of developing industries in a country or region on a wide scale
  9. Rapid urbanization – the process of a population moving from rural areas to urban areas in large numbers over a short period of time
  10. Public health – the science of protecting and improving the health of communities through education, policy-making, and research for disease and injury prevention.


  1. In recent years – introduces a time frame and helps establish context
  2. On the one hand – used to introduce a point of view or argument
  3. Furthermore – used to add more information or to give a reason
  4. On the other hand – used to introduce an opposing point of view or argument
  5. Moreover – used to add more information or support to a point
  6. In conclusion – used to summarize or provide a final point
  7. While – used to compare or contrast two ideas

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