IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Globalisation-Countries looking similar-positive or negative

In recent years, the globalisation of brands and media has led to a homogenisation of culture. Nowadays, it is common to see people around the world wearing the same clothes and watching the same TV shows and movies. While some may argue that this trend is positive, others may view it as a negative development. In this essay, I will explore both sides of the debate.

On the one hand, the rise of global brands and media can be seen as a positive development. Firstly, it promotes a sense of unity and belonging among people across different countries and cultures. When people wear the same brands and watch the same shows, they are connected by a shared cultural experience, which can help to bridge divides and foster understanding. Secondly, globalisation can lead to greater efficiency and economies of scale for companies, which can result in lower prices for consumers. This can be especially beneficial for people in developing countries, who may not have access to a wide range of products and services.

On the other hand, some may argue that the homogenisation of culture is a negative development. Firstly, it can erode local traditions and cultures, which are an important part of people’s identity and heritage. When everyone wears the same clothes and watches the same shows, there is a risk that unique cultural expressions and traditions will disappear. Secondly, the dominance of global brands and media can lead to a “one-size-fits-all” approach to culture, which may not take into account the specific needs and interests of different communities. This can result in a lack of diversity and creativity in the cultural products that are available.

In conclusion, while the homogenisation of culture may have some positive aspects, it is important to be aware of the potential negative consequences. It is up to individuals and companies to strike a balance between promoting a sense of global unity and diversity, and respecting local cultures and traditions. Ultimately, we should celebrate our shared humanity while embracing our differences, rather than seeking to erase them.

  1. Globalisation: The process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.
  2. Homogenisation: The process of making things uniform or similar.
  3. Unity: The state of being united or joined as a whole.
  4. Belonging: The state of being accepted and included in a group or community.
  5. Bridging: The act of connecting or linking something together.
  6. Foster: To encourage or promote the development of something.
  7. Efficiency: The ability to achieve a desired result with the least amount of time and effort.
  8. Economies of scale: The cost advantage that a business acquires due to expansion or diversification.
  9. Erode: To wear away or gradually destroy something.
  10. Heritage: The traditions, values, and culture that have been passed down from generation to generation.
  11. Dominance: The state of having power and control over others.
  12. Unique: Being one of a kind, distinct, and original.
  13. One-size-fits-all: A generic solution or approach that is supposed to be suitable for everyone.
  14. Lack: The absence of something or not enough of it.
  15. Diversity: The variety and range of different things.
  16. Creativity: The ability to think of new ideas and create something unique.


  1. Firstly: Used to introduce the first point in a discussion or argument.
  2. Secondly: Used to introduce the second point in a discussion or argument.
  3. On the one hand: Used to introduce the first point in a contrasting argument.
  4. On the other hand: Used to introduce the second point in a contrasting argument.
  5. While: Used to indicate a contrast between two things.
  6. Firstly…Secondly: Used to structure a discussion or argument.
  7. In conclusion: Used to summarize the main points made in a discussion or argument.
  8. Ultimately: Used to express the final result or outcome of something.

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