IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Environment and Industrial Growth

In recent years, there has been a growing debate about the impact of industrial growth on poverty and the environment. While some individuals argue that industrial growth is necessary to solve poverty, others argue that it is causing severe environmental problems and should be stopped. In this essay, I will discuss both viewpoints and provide my opinion on this issue.

On the one hand, those who support industrial growth argue that it is an effective solution to poverty. Industrial growth creates job opportunities for millions of people, which in turn leads to economic growth and increased wealth. In many countries, industrialization has led to the development of new infrastructure and the establishment of a robust service sector, which provides a range of job opportunities.

On the other hand, those who oppose industrial growth argue that it is causing environmental problems that are harming the planet. Industrial activities have led to increased pollution, deforestation, and depletion of natural resources. These problems are causing climate change, which is having a severe impact on the environment and human health. For instance, air pollution caused by industrial growth has led to increased respiratory illnesses and lung cancer.

In my opinion, both arguments have valid points, and we need to strike a balance between industrial growth and environmental protection. We cannot ignore the importance of industrial growth as it provides jobs and economic opportunities. At the same time, we cannot turn a blind eye to the environmental problems caused by industrial growth.

To strike a balance, governments should invest in sustainable technologies and promote the use of clean energy sources. This will reduce the environmental impact of industrial activities while also promoting economic growth. Governments should also enforce strict regulations to ensure that industrial activities do not harm the environment. In addition, individuals can contribute to the reduction of environmental problems by adopting a sustainable lifestyle and supporting environmentally friendly products.

In conclusion, while industrial growth is necessary to solve poverty, it is also causing environmental problems that should not be ignored. Governments, individuals, and industries should work together to ensure that industrial growth is sustainable and does not harm the environment. By doing so, we can strike a balance between economic growth and environmental protection, and create a better future for ourselves and future generations.

Vocabulary Words:

  • Industrial growth: The increase in the production and consumption of goods and services through industrialization.
  • Poverty: The state of being extremely poor or lacking basic necessities, such as food, shelter, and clothing.
  • Economic growth: An increase in the production of goods and services in an economy over a specific period.
  • Infrastructure: The basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, such as roads, bridges, and buildings.
  • Service sector: A segment of the economy that provides services rather than goods, such as healthcare, education, and hospitality.
  • Pollution: The presence or introduction of harmful substances in the environment, such as air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution.
  • Deforestation: The removal of trees from a forested area, typically due to human activity, such as logging or clearing for agricultural purposes.
  • Depletion: The reduction or exhaustion of a resource, such as natural resources or energy.
  • Climate change: The long-term alteration of global weather patterns, including changes in temperature, precipitation, and extreme weather events.
  • Respiratory illnesses: Medical conditions that affect the lungs and breathing, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and lung cancer.
  • Clean energy: Energy that is produced from renewable resources, such as wind, solar, and hydro power.
  • Sustainable: Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Regulations: Rules or laws created by a government or other authority to control or govern an activity, industry, or behavior.
  • Environmentally friendly: Products or practices that have minimal impact on the environment.


  • In recent years: To introduce a topic or idea that has become relevant in the recent past.
  • On the one hand: To introduce the first viewpoint or argument in a discussion or essay.
  • On the other hand: To introduce the contrasting viewpoint or argument in a discussion or essay.
  • While: To indicate a contrast between two ideas or concepts.
  • In addition: To introduce an idea that is supplementary to an already stated point.
  • In my opinion: To indicate that what follows is the writer’s personal view or perspective.
  • To strike a balance: To achieve a compromise or solution that accommodates the interests of both sides in a disagreement.
  • Governments should: To suggest a course of action or solution to a problem.
  • In conclusion: To signal the end of an essay or discussion and summarize the main points.

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