IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Automation with intelligent machines-pros and cons

In recent years, technological advancement has enabled machines to perform more complicated tasks, making automation development a hot topic for discussion. While some see it as a great boon, others see it as a curse. This essay will discuss the pros and cons of machine automation development.

On the one hand, machine automation has brought about numerous benefits. Firstly, it has improved the efficiency of production. Automated machines work faster, with fewer errors, and can work for longer hours than human workers, which increases output and reduces downtime. Secondly, automation development has improved the quality of products. Machines can maintain consistent quality standards, reducing variations in product quality. Thirdly, automation has improved safety in the workplace by taking over hazardous or strenuous tasks, thereby reducing the risk of injuries and accidents.

On the other hand, there are some drawbacks to the increasing complexity of machines. One of the main concerns is that it may lead to a decrease in employment opportunities, as machines replace human workers. This will cause a loss of income for some workers and may lead to a widening income gap. Secondly, the cost of machines and their maintenance can be very high, which can lead to financial burdens for some companies. Thirdly, the development of highly complex machines can result in a lack of transparency, as it becomes more difficult to understand how machines operate and make decisions.

In conclusion, while machine automation development has its pros and cons, the benefits seem to outweigh the drawbacks. Automation can lead to increased efficiency, better quality, and safer workplaces. However, governments and organizations must work to minimize the negative impacts, such as job losses and the widening income gap. Ultimately, the responsibility falls on us to ensure that technological development benefits everyone.

Vocabulary Words:

  1. Technological advancement – The process of making new discoveries and developing new tools or devices to improve the existing technology.
  2. Automation – The process of performing tasks without human intervention by using machines and technology.
  3. Boon – A benefit or advantage that makes life easier or better.
  4. Efficiency – The ability to complete a task or achieve a goal with minimum wastage of resources like time, money, and energy.
  5. Output – The amount of goods or services produced within a specific time.
  6. Downtime – The time during which a machine or a system is not working.
  7. Quality – The degree of excellence in a product or a service that fulfills the customer’s expectations.
  8. Hazardous – A situation or a task that is dangerous or risky.
  9. Strenuous – A task that requires a lot of physical effort or energy.
  10. Transparency – The quality of being open, honest, and clear in communication.


  1. On the one hand – Used to introduce the first point in favor of a particular argument.
  2. Firstly – Used to indicate the first in a list or sequence of points.
  3. Secondly – Used to introduce the second point.
  4. Thirdly – Used to introduce the third point.
  5. On the other hand – Used to introduce an opposing or contrasting point.
  6. One of the main concerns – Used to indicate an important issue.
  7. Secondly – Used to introduce the second point in a list or sequence.
  8. Thirdly – Used to introduce the third point in a list or sequence.
  9. In conclusion – Used to summarize or bring the essay to a close.
  10. Ultimately – Used to indicate the final outcome or result.

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