IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay: Air Travel should be restricted-agree/disagree

In recent times, air travel has become increasingly popular due to its convenience and speed. However, some people argue that it should be restricted as it causes serious pollution and uses up the world’s fuel resources. In this essay, I will discuss my perspective on the matter.

On one hand, it is undeniable that air travel is a significant contributor to environmental pollution. Airplanes emit a vast amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which can cause global warming and climate change. Additionally, air travel also contributes to noise pollution, which can have detrimental effects on the health of individuals residing near airports.

Furthermore, air travel uses up a substantial amount of the world’s finite fuel resources. As the demand for air travel increases, so does the demand for fossil fuels. This can lead to depletion of the world’s limited fossil fuel resources, which could have long-term implications for the global economy and environment.

On the other hand, air travel has brought significant benefits to modern society, such as facilitating global trade, connecting people from different parts of the world, and boosting tourism. Restricting air travel would undoubtedly have a negative impact on these areas.

In conclusion, while it is evident that air travel has negative environmental impacts, it is crucial to consider the overall benefits that it brings to modern society. Therefore, rather than restricting air travel, we should focus on implementing more sustainable practices and technologies to minimize its negative effects. By doing so, we can enjoy the benefits of air travel while protecting the environment and conserving the world’s fuel resources.

Vocabulary words:

  1. Contributor – a person or thing that contributes something to a cause or project
  2. Carbon dioxide – a gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds that is released into the atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect
  3. Greenhouse gases – a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation, e.g. carbon dioxide and methane
  4. Global warming – a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, primarily caused by the release of greenhouse gases
  5. Climate change – a change in global or regional climate patterns, attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels
  6. Noise pollution – excessive noise that is disruptive or harmful to the activity or balance of human or animal life
  7. Depletion – the reduction or exhaustion of a resource
  8. Finite – having limits or bounds
  9. Boosting – increasing or promoting something


  1. However – used to introduce a statement that contrasts with or seems to contradict something previously mentioned
  2. Additionally – used to introduce a further and separate point or argument
  3. Furthermore – in addition to what has already been stated
  4. On the other hand – used to introduce a different point of view or contrasting idea
  5. In conclusion – used to introduce a final statement or opinion

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