IELTS writing task 2 essay sample answer: Learning foreign language

Introduction: Learning a foreign language is often considered a daunting challenge by many individuals. While there are several reasons for this perception, the most significant ones are the complexities involved in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. In this essay, I will explore the major difficulties in learning a foreign language and suggest effective strategies to overcome them based on my personal experience and knowledge.

Body Paragraph 1: Firstly, the intricacies of grammar can pose a major obstacle for language learners. For instance, mastering verb tenses, sentence structures, and word order can be overwhelming for beginners. Moreover, some languages have a different grammatical structure than one’s native language, which can add to the difficulty. To overcome this challenge, learners must focus on grammar rules, practice regularly, and seek feedback from a language instructor or native speaker.


  • Daunting: intimidating or overwhelming
  • Perception: the way something is viewed or understood
  • Intricacies: details or complexities
  • Pose: present or create
  • Obstacle: a barrier or impediment
  • Mastering: becoming proficient in
  • Overwhelming: overpowering or too much to handle
  • Beginners: individuals who are new to something
  • Native language: the language one learns from birth
  • Focus: concentrate or give attention to
  • Regularly: frequently or consistently
  • Feedback: comments or suggestions to improve
  • Instructor: a teacher or guide
  • Native speaker: a person who speaks a language fluently as their first language

Body Paragraph 2: Secondly, learning new vocabulary can also be a challenge, especially in languages with a large number of words or complex meanings. Memorizing new words and understanding their usage in different contexts can be time-consuming and frustrating. However, learners can use various techniques such as flashcards, vocabulary apps, and reading extensively to improve their vocabulary. Furthermore, interacting with native speakers and using the language in real-life situations can also help learners to acquire new words and improve their language skills.


  • Complex: intricate or complicated
  • Memorizing: committing something to memory
  • Usage: how something is used or applied
  • Time-consuming: taking a lot of time
  • Frustrating: causing irritation or annoyance
  • Techniques: methods or approaches
  • Flashcards: small cards with information on them
  • Apps: applications or software
  • Reading extensively: reading widely and in-depth
  • Interacting: communicating or engaging with
  • Real-life situations: actual situations or contexts that occur in daily life
  • Acquire: gain or obtain

Body Paragraph 3: Finally, pronunciation can be a major difficulty when learning a foreign language. Pronouncing words correctly and accurately can be challenging, especially if the language has different phonetic rules than one’s native language. However, learners can practice pronunciation by listening to native speakers, repeating words and sounds, and using language-learning apps that provide audio feedback. Additionally, joining language exchange programs and practicing with native speakers can help learners improve their pronunciation and gain confidence in speaking the language.


  • Pronunciation: the way in which words are spoken
  • Accurately: correctly or precisely
  • Phonetic rules: rules for how sounds are represented in a language
  • Practice: repeating an activity to improve
  • Listening: paying attention to what is being said
  • Repeating: saying something again
  • Audio feedback: feedback provided through sound or audio
  • Joining: becoming a part of something
  • Language exchange programs: programs that connect language learners with native speakers
  • Gain confidence: become more self-assured

Conclusion: In conclusion, while learning a foreign language can be challenging, it is not an impossible task. The difficulties associated with grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation can be overcome by using effective learning strategies such as regular practice, seeking feedback from instructors or native speakers, using language-learning apps, reading extensively, and interacting with native speakers. Based on my personal experience, I have found that practicing regularly and immersing myself in the language by watching movies, listening to music, and speaking with native speakers has been helpful in overcoming the challenges of learning a foreign language. Therefore, with dedication, perseverance, and the right strategies, anyone can learn a foreign language and experience the benefits that come with it, such as improved communication, cultural awareness, and career opportunities.

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