How to write IELTS Writing task 2 body paragraph structure?

How to write IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph | IELTS Writing task 2 body paragraph starting lines | IELTS writing task 2 body structure

Table of contents

  • IELTS writing task 2 structure 
  • IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure
  • What the examiner wants to see in task 2 body paragraph?
  • Most common mistakes with an IELTS body paragraph
  • What is the topic sentence in IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph
  • How to write “The explain why” sentence
  • “Give an example” sentence structure
  • IELTS writing task 2: summarize the paragraph
  • IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure sample
  • IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph advice
  • Useful linking words for IELTS writing task 2 body paragraphs
  • Good and bad examples of IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph
  • Marking criteria of IELTS writing

IELTS writing task 2 paragraph is a group of sentences that support a single statement or main idea. The main idea is expressed under the paragraph’s topic sentence. Most of the time it is illustrated in the first topic sentence.

The basic pattern should be followed in IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure. However, it’s also a scaled-down version of the essay. Each body paragraph asserts, supports, and summarizes the paragraph’s key concept; the essay as a whole states, supports, and summarizes the writer’s main stance. When I show you the IELTS paragraph writing sample later in this article, you’ll realize what I mean.

Before preparing for the IELTS writing body paragraph, you should know about the “IELTS writing word limit”. It will help you to figure out the amount of information that you need to write. 

IELTS writing task 2 structure

Most of the IELTS Writing Task 2 essays follow the same basic paragraph structure:

  1. Introduction: How to write IELTS writing task 2 introduction
  2. Argument in support of your opinion 1 
  3. Argument in support of your opinion 2
  4. Opposite point of view with your counterargument
  5. Conclusion

If you want to represent your IELTS writing task 2 effectively, then i would recommend you this article about “How to organize your response in IELTS writing”. It will show you some vocabs and writing informational sentence structure that will boost your band score.

Here we will talk about how these 2nd and 3rd task 2 paragraph of the essay are written. These paragraphs take up most of your essay and play a very significant role. Therefore, your final grade will largely depend on how well they are presented by you. Write two persuasively-argued paragraphs, and consider that you are already on the way to a good final result.

What the examiner wants to see in task 2 body paragraph?

If we look closely at the table above, we can see that the examiner wants you to answer the question using ” relevant, extended and supported ideas “. This means that your ideas should , on the one hand, be related to each other, and on the other hand, be tied to the main issue of the topic. In addition, you should explain what your ideas mean and then try to support them with examples.

To make the examiner’s happy, Every IELTS aspirant should firstly understand the way to write IELTS writing task 2. If you wanna know it then click on the link below:-

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure

The IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure basically begins from the topic sentence. There are 3 main lines which you will have to consider in the body paragraph one by one.

  1. Topic sentence (Which states a position)
  2. Explain why or a reason (Give a genuine reason to support the topic sentence)
  3. Give an example (Provide an example that explain the question “why”)
  4. Summarize the IELTS writing task 2 paragraph (It should be the combination of topic sentence, proper explanation and genuine supported example)

A paragraph which fulfills the requirements by including these 4 points made an 8 to 9 band body paragraph. 

How many body paragraphs should you have in your task 2 essay?

A successful IELTS essay can include only two (2) body paragraphs, as I said at the start of this article. Two paragraphs are adequate to complete the Rubic’s requirements for a well-developed response. I don’t recommend attempting more than two IELTS Writing paragraphs because there is a time constraint.

Most common mistakes with an IELTS body paragraph

It’s easy to make mistakes when writing these body paragraphs, even with this useful four-sentence format as a guide. Here are a few common blunders to stay away from:

  1. Excessive use of “high minded” vocabulary:- It’s tempting to try to impress the judges by using complex vocabulary. However, utilizing a lot of difficult terms might make your work more difficult to understand and raise your chances of making mistakes.
  2. Forgot to provide an example:- It’s tempting to hurry through the third sentence of your body paragraph’s structure. However, a lack of examples can lower your IELTS band score by several bands!
  3. Wrong explanation or instances:- After you’ve explained why you hold the position in our topic sentence, take a moment to consider the reader’s perspective. Would someone else reading this really comprehend how your rationale and illustration in the topic phrase clarify your position? Keep in mind that while you may be aware of your situation, others may not.
  4. Sentences that are too long or run-on:- When your thoughts are separated into different sentences, they are easier to understand. None of these four sentences should be combined! Don’t try to make complex sentences if you are not an grammar expert. But if you want to learn to make complex sentences then grab it.
  5. There isn’t enough variation in vocabulary or grammar:- Using the same sentence structure or using the same words and phrases over and over again makes your writing sound monotonous and makes it appear as if you have weak English skills. Make careful to vary your activities!

What is the topic sentence in IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph

The very first sentence in your supporting paragraph should be the sentence that states your first argument in defense of the main idea. Each paragraph should have only one main argument, and this sentence tells the reader what that argument is. This makes your paragraph, and the essay as a whole, more understandable and easier to read,  a kind of pointer that helps the reader determine where you want to go.

If you structure your paragraph like this, you will get extra points for coherence and cohesion, and therefore a higher score on the entire IELTS test.

In the first sentence of an “agree or disagree essay” we clearly state the idea of ​​why we support one side or the other.

Let’s look at another example of IELTS Writing task 2 body paragraphs

Most high-level positions in companies are filled by men even though the workforce in many developed countries is more than 50 percent female. Companies should be required to allocate a certain percentage of these positions to women. Do you agree?

In this case, we must first think about the reasons in favor and against securing a certain percentage of jobs in the total workforce for women.

Favor:

  • Fairness
  • Equality
  • Prevention of discrimination
  • Women outperform men in some jobs
  • Women perform better in many schools and universities

 Against :

  • The choice should be based on an assessment of the real qualities, and not the gender of the employee
  • Some professions, for example, in construction, are better suited for men

Let’s say you support the position “favor”, that is, in defense of this idea, so you need to choose two arguments from this list and write sentences for them to support your point of view. You should always choose the arguments that you know the most about, or, in other words, you can explain and support them with examples.

  • Argument 1:- Women should be allocated a certain percentage of roles since to not do so, discriminates against them because of their gender.
  • Argument 2:- Females should be given a bigger share of jobs because women currently outperform males in most university subjects.

As you can see, all I have done here is try to present my ideas in a fairly simple way. By the way, there is no great need to use a very advanced vocabulary or grammatical constructions. It is enough to clearly express your position.

Let’s take an example of agree and disagree

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph

You need to implement initial brainstorming to breakthrough big ideas for your body paragraph. Here are the few agree and disagree points to support the previous question. 

  • Agree: formal clothes = less commonly required at work
  • Disagree: workplaces still have dress codes
  • Agree: casual wear far more popular than in past
  • Disagree: brand names of casual wear = socially important
  • Agree: in daily life, people can wear what they like
  • Disagree: in many special situations formal wear is still required

You can choose which side you wish to write about after you’ve accomplished this type of brainstorming. You can go with your own opinion, but it’s best to go with the side that you think can explain the best. I’m going to use the “disagree” position in the examples in this post. Feel free to go back and compose “agree” sentences after you’ve completed this course for extra practice!

How to write “The explain why” sentence in IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph

How to develop the topic sentence in task 2 body paragraph

Explaining ideas is a problem for most students, not because they can’t do it, but because they often don’t see the point in it. They believe that the examiner should be an educated person, and therefore explaining simple ideas to him is a waste of time.

You should never think like that. Instead, I tell my students to assume that the reader doesn’t know the subject at all and you need to explain what you mean so they understand.

There are certain introductory phrases that we can use to explain our ideas, such as:

  • That is to say…. (linking)
  • In other words… (linking)
  • This is because… (giving reasons)
  • The reason is…. (giving reasons)
  • As a result…. (describing result)
  • As a consequence…. (describing result)
  • Therefore…. (describing result)

Be sure to use one of these phrases. You don’t need to use all three, just one is enough. Make sure, by re-reading this sentence, that any reader, even if he does not know the subject of discussion, can understand what the main point of this paragraph is.

Example 1:- Women should be allocated a certain percentage of roles, since to not do so discriminates against them because of their gender. As a result, women will be denied jobs, not because of their intellect or skill, but simply because of their sex.

Example 2:- Females should be given a bigger share of jobs, because women currently outperform males in most university subjects. That is to say those young women are just as qualified as men, if not more, and should therefore be given at least an equal share in the job market.

Most high-level positions in companies are filled by men even though the workforce in many developed countries is more than 50 percent female. Companies should be required to allocate a certain percentage of these positions to women. Do you agree?

Example 1:- Women should be allocated a certain percentage of roles, since to not do so discriminates against them because of their gender. As a result, women will be denied jobs, not because of their intellect or skill, but simply because of their sex.

Example 2:- Females should be given a bigger share of jobs, because women currently outperform males in most university subjects. That is to say those young women are just as qualified as men, if not more, and should therefore be given at least an equal share in the job market.

The last thing I would like to say here is that the explanation should be specific to the question. It should not explain what an idea is at all; it should explain how the idea answers the question.

Before you write these two sentences, be sure to carefully read the topic question again.

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure “Give an example” sentence structure

(Examples to Support Your Idea)

The last part of a good supporting paragraph is the examples given to support your idea. Examples add credibility to your arguments and make them more persuasive.

The two main problems that the student usually encounters here are the inability to come up with a suitable example, or the examples they use are not specific enough.

In an IELTS test, if you can’t think of a good example, just think of one. At school or university, you should carefully research the question or problem and use real examples, but in the test it will be enough to use some kind of self-created example. Remember that this test is not a test of your knowledge of applied sciences; This is a test of your written English. Examiners will never check examples; they are only interested in how the given examples support your ideas.

Two good ways to create your own examples are to link to newspaper articles or university studies.

The examiner wants your examples to be as specific as possible. To illustrate this, we will look at three examples.

Give an example sample sentences

The example sentence is supposed to explain the particular explanation for the topic sentence. 

Women should be allocated a certain percentage of roles, because to not do so discriminates against them because of their gender. As a result, women will be denied jobs, not because of their intellect or skill, but simply because of their sex.

Example 1:- For example, lots of women fail to get jobs solely on the basis of their gender.

Example 2:- For example, many business women in Asia find it difficult to get jobs as CEOs, despite having the same qualifications as men.

Example 3:- For example, in 2014 it was reported in The Straits Times that only 9 of Singapore’s top 100 companies have female CEOs, despite making up 50% of the total workforce.

  • The first example is very general and will not satisfy the requirements.
  • Example 2 is much better, but again “businesswomen in Asia” is a very general definition that doesn’t really even support our argument.
  • Example 3 is a very good example because it used an actual newspaper to present specific statistics (9%) from a specific location (Singapore) at a specific time (2014).

Here are few phrases to give an example:- 

  • for instance
  • for example
  • an example would be
  • as evidence of this
  • as reported by
  • such as
  • consider
  • to illustrate this

IELTS writing task 2: summarize the paragraph

It’s now time to bring everything together. It’s vital to keep in mind, however, that the “Summarize Paragraph” line does not have to mention every topic from the first three sentences. Instead, use this closing sentence as a “send-off” as you create your body paragraphs. Now that you’ve finished the paragraph, what message do you want the readers to remember? What is the true meaning of the paragraph in only a few words?

Because the summary sentence is predicated on the previous three sentences, I’ll give you the initial portion of the paragraph before we go on to some example sentences:

Even in situations where people can dress casually, the specific fashion choices they make are still important to others. First impressions are based partly on how someone looks, and the way one dresses is a significant part of that. If someone chooses to wear clothing such as cut off jeans or a faded tee-shirt to a funeral, for instance, they might be seen as disrespectful.

Here are the explanation how to cap up the above statement with a genuine summary idea:- 

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph structure sample

Visit this link of IELTS writing task 2 structure template to understand exactly.

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Below I will give you an example of how to write two supporting paragraphs, giving a written answer to this question:

BP1:- Raising fuel prices is the best option because it would lower demand. This is because the laws of economics dictate that the higher the price of a commodity, the lower the consumption of that product and this will lead to less people using vehicles.  For instance, when the price of fuel skyrocketed during the oil crisis in the 1970s, there was a huge reduction in the amount of cars on the road.

BP2:- Raising the price of fuel would also have a knock on effect on the price of goods because they cost more to transport. This would result in people having less money to spend at the pump, thus reducing the number of cars on the road even further. For example, the New York Times reported that the higher the price of food in a city, the more likely people were to use public transport, principally because they couldn’t afford a car.

IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph advice

  1. Before you begin writing, be sure you have a plan for the essay. On the question paper, you can plan your essay during the test. Make a list of your key points and the explanations for them.
  2. Every paragraph should have a single main idea that relates to the viewpoint (opinion) you stated in the introduction.
  3. Because you don’t have enough time to write more, your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay should only include three body paragraphs. Usually, two body paragraphs are sufficient.
  4. Begin your body paragraph with an idea that connects to the opinion (thought) you expressed in the introduction. This statement is known as a subject sentence since it informs the reader about the paragraph’s main point.
  5. After you’ve given the main line, you’ll need to present instances to back it up. These could be based on personal experience or information from books or movies.

Useful linking words for IELTS writing task 2 body paragraphs

I’m going to show you some key linking words for IELTS writing task 2 that you should use in your writing to improve your band score. I’m confident that using these connectors for task 2 will help you improve your IELTS band score.

Good and bad examples of IELTS writing task 2 body paragraph

Look at the following essay examples, keeping in mind what the examiner wants. Which of these essay options is successful and which is not?

Some parents think that childcare centers provide the best services for children of preschool age. Other working parents think that family members such as grandparents will be better carers for their kids.  Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Example 1: IELTS Writing task 2 body paragraphs

Many parents in full-time employment prefer to leave their children with grandparents when they are at work because they feel their child will be safer with someone from within the family circle. In other words they do not trust a stranger to look after their child and feel confident that no harm will come to the child whilst being looked after by grandma or grandpa. For example, a 2013 study from Cambridge University showed that 62% of working mothers prefer a member of the immediate family to provide care when they are at work.

Example 2: IELTS Writing task 2 body paragraphs

Grandparents are the best people to look after children for very obvious reasons. Grandparents really love their grandchildren and would never harm them. Also, the children really love their grandparents and feel comfortable with them. Finally, grandparents have lots of experience taking care of children because they are old and looked after children for many years themselves.

Can you tell which of these options is better?

In example 1, there is one main argument: parents prefer grandparents because they trust them. This idea is stated very clearly in the first sentence, and then it is explained why this is so in the second sentence. A specific example is also used to support the idea. This is exactly what the examiner wants.

Example 2 has many different arguments, and most of them are very general. They were not supplemented with explanations and there were no examples. This is what the examiner does not want.


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